BMD.ORG       Hip & Elbow Dysplasia


Breeder Referral



Breed Summary


Hip and elbow dysplasias are common conditions in Bernese Mountain Dogs. These are structural defects in the joints that can cause mild to crippling arthritis.  The summary below covers what every Bernese owner should know.  The links to articles on specific types of joint disease provide more in depth information.

    1. breeding dogs be free of dysplasia
    2. breeding dogs' parents and grandparents be free of dysplasia
    3. 75% or more of any siblings or half siblings of breeding dogs be free of dysplasia

Copyright 2011 Philip Shaffer